Mr. Rafael Jacob, speaker and political scientist, will discuss the U.S. presidential election of 2020.
Don't miss this special event on August 27, at 12:00.
Sources: Bank of Canada, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, U.S. Energy Information Administration
The third quarter of this atypical year leads us to believe that we have collectively won the first round of this battle against the pandemic. Despite what some critics may say, the measures that have been taken, along with our ability to adapt, have turned the situation around. To convince ourselves, we need only to look at the economic and market data: they are in a much better position now than they were in the second quarter.
However, those who were expecting a return to normality once a vaccine is developed will have to think again. The events we have experienced this year have wrought fundamental changes that will persist long after we overcome COVID-19. These new ways of doing things and of living our lives have created winners and losers in the short term, but will also dictate the criteria for longer-term success.
Politicians have also had to adjust their game plan to new voter priorities. At a time of numerous societal challenges, a highly polarized electorate and constant media coverage, political considerations are vitally important because they can overturn certain investment theses. The end of the third quarter also brought a risk that experts had warned us about: the emergence of a second wave of the virus. We are without a doubt better equipped now to deal with it, but governments’ ability to provide support measures is diminishing month by month.
Source : National Bank Trust
Following the spectacular rebound in the second quarter, the markets were expected to record a more modest performance for the rest of the year. This cautious optimism was based on the positive momentum of economic and health-related data, but also took into account the risk factors associated with the unpredictability of forward-looking business data and uncertainty about the time needed to produce an effective vaccine on a large scale. With the exception of Europe, however, such caution does not seem to have been in order, and most of the world’s stock markets experienced a steady growth throughout the period.
Globally, the best-performing sectors were Consumer Discretionary, Materials, Industrials and Information Technology. In contrast, Financials, Real Estate and especially Energy lagged behind.
REASSURING ECONOMIC DATA
Initially stimulated solely by the hope of what the unprecedented support measures would bring, the markets were later able to rely on the release of economic data confirming that the transmission mechanisms were working well. One of the indicators that particularly pleased the markets was the record increase in real household disposable income.
Source : Statistics Canada
In Canada, the combined effect of support income measures and reduced spending during the lockdown pushed this statistic to more than four standard deviations from its 60-year mean.
Beyond the ability of households to spend, several other indicators confirmed that money was being reinvested in the economy. Surprisingly, statistics for retail sales, new and existing home sales, housing starts and durable goods' orders were up sharply, returning to their pre-crisis levels or going even higher.
Source : Bloomberg
Another factor that has helped maintain the markets’ upward momentum is the addition (or in some cases the extension) of measures to assist individuals and businesses. Although imperfect, these various programs were implemented quickly and have the merit of reaching a wide range of citizens, such as students, workers and seniors. Even though the media gave extensive coverage to the mistakes that were made, such as cheques sent by the U.S. Treasury to deceased people or fraudulent CERB claims in Canada, the fact remains that the support measures have had a net positive effect.
The following table lists the main measures that have been added since the end of April:
Sources : Government of Canada, usa.gov and FÉRIQUE Fund Management
The third quarter exceeded expectations, but the cloud in the picture was the gradual deterioration of COVID-19 data towards the end of August. Going back to school had already been identified as a challenge to overcome, but there was every indication that other aggravating factors would join the list. Among these was a growing lack of compliance with public health guidelines and directives, due partially to mental fatigue on the part of the population, but more importantly to the stubbornness of a small group of individuals who refuse to believe in the merits of the containment measures. Globally, the new cases can be divided into three groups: countries whose data continue to improve (Australia and Japan); those with deteriorating data (Canada, Italy and Germany); and finally those whose current situation is more serious than it was during the first wave (the United States, France and the United Kingdom).
Source : Our World in Data
This turnaround in the progress made since March in most parts of the world weighed on stock market results in September. It also prompted the authorities in some countries – those advocating the limitation of transmission vectors as tools to fight the pandemic – to implement new, more restrictive guidelines and directives.
Despite this undeniable setback, we must not lose sight of a more positive aspect that confirms, among other things, a better understanding of the disease: the number of deaths no longer follows the same upward trend in relation to the number of cases.
Source : Our World in Data
This trend indicates an improvement in treatment plans, but it could also be due to mutations that have made the virus more contagious, but less deadly. The wearing of masks also reduces the viral load transmitted and thus gives an infected person’s immune system time to mount a defense. The flip side of this encouraging observation is the rising number of cases among younger and healthier people. With this development comes the risk that the health care system could be overwhelmed with prolonged hospital stays and an increase in the number of deaths not directly related to coronavirus infections. The consequences of such an outcome would be equally damaging for the health of people and the health of the economy.
We are entering the final stage of an event whose outcome could have major repercussions on the markets: the U.S. presidential election! The extreme polarization of the electorate combined with the stance of the current administration – the Republicans view the process as fraught with fraud and have threatened to challenge an outcome unfavorable to them – could plunge the United States into prolonged political chaos in the event of a close vote.
According to Dr. Lawrence Douglas, Professor of Law, Jurisprudence and Social Thought at Amherst College, all the ingredients are now in place to make such a scenario a reality. The 79-day period between the day after the election and the inauguration ceremony on January 20, 2021, is unlikely to end as peacefully as the recount of the election that pitted former President George W. Bush and Democrat Al Gore in 2000.
Given Joe Biden’s lead in the polls, it makes sense to look at the potential impacts his presidency could have on different sectors of the market.
Source : BBC
Given the known policy initiatives in trade, education, health care and other areas, the majority of sectors would see little impact. However, some sectors would likely benefit from a changing of the guard, while a small number would undoubtedly be penalized.
Source : FÉRIQUE Fund Management
A second term in office for the Trump administration would not cause such significant changes from a sectoral perspective, but would accelerate existing policies, such as more restrictions on immigration and trade, further tax cuts, more deregulation, as well as infrastructure projects.
Regardless of the administration in place after the presidential election, the tech behemoths will come under increased pressure from a tax standpoint. These giants have long been criticized for their low taxation rate, and the U.S. government will need significant tax revenues to offset the massive deficit resulting from the crisis.
The pandemic has created winners and losers in a sudden and unprecedented way. We are witnessing many such cases: commercial real estate versus suburban residential properties; travel and air transport versus local tourism and recreational vehicles; jobs that require direct contact versus those that can be done remotely. The transformation of several business models is already under way.
As we reconcile ourselves to the longer-term effects of the health crisis, a number of industries will be given new impetus. Many governments around the world will have to increase their investments in the health care sector to bring it up to standard. The biotechnology sector should benefit from this trend. Companies whose business model is based on a competitive advantage derived from one or more technologies will also be in demand. Some will argue that securities of this nature have already risen a great deal. A glance at the historical valuation of the main sectors where we find such businesses shows we are still far from the level reached during the technology bubble of the early 2000s. The following graph shows the price-to-book-value ratio of such sectors within the MSCI World Index. If we look at another common metric, the forward one-year price-to-earnings ratio, we come to the same conclusion.
Source : BCA Research and MSCI
The supply problems that became apparent at the beginning of the crisis and in some cases still persist will force a return to domestic production. To compensate for the loss of cheaper foreign labor, intensified automation will be required in North America. Capital goods and robotics will benefit from this shift.
The current backdrop is rather balanced. Low yields have made fixed income less attractive, but the monetary authorities’ commitment to maintaining accommodative conditions over the long term offers a security that investors did not enjoy before the crisis. Corporate bonds also benefit from a form of protection through periodic purchases by central banks. As for equity markets, their valuations have increased with the rebound and they are no longer considered a bargain.
In a basic scenario where the economy continues to recover, emerging markets and Canada are expected to do better as resources rebound. Even so, we will have to monitor all the COVID-19 statistics closely. The markets can tolerate fluctuations in the number of cases or the confinement rules, but will be responsive to any indication of a threat to economic activity. This less likely scenario would cause a pullback that would favour the U.S. market over the medium term due to its high exposure to the technology and health care sectors.
From an economic standpoint, the recent data allow us to look ahead with optimism. Several indicators have begun to improve, including the Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), which is pointing to an upturn in manufacturing activity worldwide.
In addition, retail sales volumes in the major economies indicate that people have regained confidence and are gradually starting to spend again.
Source : Bloomberg
Source : Bloomberg
However, it is clear that governments around the world have to jump start their economies and that they have already committed historic amounts of money to do so. With this in mind, and considering s well as tthe challenges that already existed in terms of the environment and the fight against climate change, it would be perfectly logical to assume they will try to kill two birds with one stone this time around. In this context, investors should take advantage of the stimulus plans and pay special attention to anything involving the green economy and innovations. While not losing sight of the need to maintain a well-diversified portfolio, we should keep in mind that growth in these sectors will be sustained by the need to address environmental and societal issues critical to our collective future.
The arrival of a new wave (a second or a third wave depending on the region) and the U.S. election are major risk factors for the markets. From the epidemiological standpoint, however, past experience works in our favor: intervention protocols are well established and several sectors of the economy have already adapted. The economic slowdown that would be caused by a return to tougher containment measures is likely to be perceived as temporary by market players. We must not lose sight of the progress made so far in the development of a vaccine. It is difficult to predict when a vaccine will arrive, but it may come sooner than the usual development timeline would suggest.
The possibility of a few more uncertain months should not be viewed as a road map for the long term. A more comprehensive vision of the situation allows us to foresee the eventual disappearance of the fall risk factors and to focus on the opportunities that the transition of the economy and business models will offer.
As with health measures, good old investment ground rules must be followed! Attempting to predict short-term fluctuations and applying market timing to your portfolio is a recipe for failure. Maintaining discipline is the key to getting through the pitfalls of a year that is forcing us, collectively, to reinvent ourselves.
Wishing everyone a fine end to the year,
The FÉRIQUE Fund Management Investment team
To discuss the markets and your investment strategy, contact your Financial Planner and Mutual Fund Representative of FÉRIQUE Investment Services, main distributor of FÉRIQUE Funds.
 Will He Go? Trump and the Looming Election Meltdown in 2020, Grand Central Publishing, May 19, 2020.
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